Pacific B usiness R eview I nternational

A Refereed Monthly International Journal of Management Indexed With THOMSON REUTERS(ESCI)
ISSN: 0974-438X
Imapct factor (SJIF): 6.56
RNI No.:RAJENG/2016/70346
Postal Reg. No.: RJ/UD/29-136/2017-2019
Editorial Board

Prof. Mahima Birla
(Editor in Chief)

Dr. Khushbu Agarwal
(Editor)

Ms. Asha Galundia
(Circulation Manager)

Editorial Team

Mr. Ramesh Modi

A Refereed Monthly International Journal of Management
June 2019



Name : Index
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Name : A Structural Equation Modeling Approach to Examine the Factors Affecting Knowledge Sharing Behaviour of Teaching Professionals
Author : Subhasish Das ,Dr. Mahendra Kumar Sahu
Abstract :
This study examines the factors affecting knowledge sharing behavior (KSB) of teaching professionals of the educational Institutes of Odisha. It explores the relationship between teacher’s attitude to share (AS), subjective norms (SN) and perceived behaviour control (PBC), the constructs developed by well known theory of planned behavior (TPB) on the teachers’ behavior of sharing knowledge. It develops a better understanding of the theory of knowledge management and TPB model in Indian context. It is a descriptive study, based on the primary data collected from a sample of 196 teaching professionals of educational institutions
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Name : Relationship between Leadership Behavior and Perceived Leadership Effectiveness of Transformational, Transactional and Laissez-faire Corporate Leaders in Kolkata, India in VUCA World– A Comparative Study
Author : Prof. Moumita Chatterjee,Prof. (Dr.) Madhumita Mohanty Professor
Abstract :
This study is aimed to examine the relationship between leadership behavior (leadership style, spiritual intelligence, psychological capital, job satisfaction, perceived ethicalism) and perceived leadership effectiveness of corporate leaders in Kolkata, India in VUCA world. A random sample of 481 corporate leaders is studied, among which 273 are transformational, 164 are transactional and 44 are laissez-faire leaders. Six standardized scales are used to collect primary data from the corporate leaders in Kolkata. The result of Multiple Regression Analysis shows that in case of transformational corporate leaders, transformational leadership style, spiritual intelligence, psychological capital and perceived leaders’ ethicalism from subordinate’s view point are significant predictors and their job satisfaction is insignificant predictor in determining their perceived leadership effectiveness in Kolkata, India in VUCA world. In case of transactional leaders, spiritual intelligence, psychological capital and leader’s ethicalism are significant predictors and their transactional leadership style and job satisfaction are insignificant predictors in determining their perceived leadership effectiveness in Kolkata, India in VUCA world.
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Name : The Association among Risk Management, Financial Performance, Financing Decision and Investment Decision Based on Firm Size: An Empirical Investigation of Non-Financial Firms Listed at Pakistan Stock Exchange
Author : Ayesha Ateeq, Dr.Ahsan Riaz, Dr.Safdar Hussain Tahir, Dr.Muhammad Naeem Shahid, Muhammad Rizwan Ullah
Abstract :
The study analyzes whether the firm size influences the associations between financial decisions. For this purpose, the data of 60 non-financial firms from 2012 to 2017 are collected. The data are then divided into three categories. The study regards a firm with total asset value falling in the top third of the sample as a large firm, a firm with total asset value falling in the bottom third of the sample as a small firm, and the remainder as medium-sized firms. The results reveal that when we do not consider the firm size, the positive associations are found between risk management and financial performance, between risk management and financing decision, and between financial performance and investment decision. Conversely, the associations between financial performance and financing decision and between investment decision and financing decision are found to be negative. However, when we consider the firm size in the analysis, we found that the smaller is the firm size, the stronger is the association between risk management, financial performance, financing decision and investment decision. It is concluded that the firm size is an important factor in determining the associations between financial decisions
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Name : Knowledge, Attitude & Practices of the property owners regarding Digitalization of Land record in Punjab, Pakistan
Author : Muhammad Shahid, Dr. Muhammad Shabbir Ch., Dr. Zahira Batool, Dr. Babak Mahmood
Abstract :
Digital governance needs the knowledge of requirements of the society which is offered to use information communication technologies (ICT). Digital Knowledge has play key role in the knowledge of society and the financial system of that society.The government of Pakistan has recently declared ICT sector as the thrust sector. Government of Pakistan trying to meet the international standards in land revenue department by making the department digitalized. It is necessary to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of people regarding digitalization of land record. So, present study focused on the knowledge, attitude & practices of the people regarding digitalization of land record in Punjab, Pakistan.The present study was conducted in three districts (Faisalabad, Rawalpindi and Multan) of Punjab. A sample of 450 respondents was drawn through purposive sampling technique. Respondents from each District were taken by using proportionate sampling techniques. Descriptive statistical technique and multiple linear regression model were applied for data analysis. Results showed that majority of the sampled population had knowledge about two services of digitalization of land record i.e. acquisition of fard (80%) and mutations (72%), while some of them had knowledge about other services i.e. fardbadar(37.1%) and grieval redressal (27.6%). Similarly, it was observed that mostly respondents used LRS for acquisition of Fard (67%) and Mutations (39.8%). Usage of other services i.e. ‘fardbadar’ and ‘grieval redres
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Name : Inventory Management of Essential Supplies for the Indian Army
Author : Dr. Gagandeep Kaur, Ms. Priyanka Panday, Bani Grewal
Abstract :
Military rations management must deal with constraints far beyond those encountered in civilian food science industry. Operational rations must meet stringent shelf life requirements in order to be useful to an expeditionary force. Weight and volume are at an absolute premium for rations that may be in a military transport plane one day, air dropped the next and on a war fighter’s back soon after. This is particularly true in the Indian scenario as Indian Armed Forces operate in some of the most adverse environmental conditions in the world. This paper focuses on the inventory management of essential supplies for the Indian Army, the scope of which is restricted to food supplies and FMCG (Fast Moving Consumer Goods). However, the approach and models used in this paper can be used for inventory management of other commodities managed by Army Service Corp (ASC).
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Name : The Financial Inclusions and Factors for Widening Financial Gap- An Impact Analysis
Author : Santosh Kumar , Dr. Gargi Path Shukla
Abstract :
As the bulk of the population, mainly from rural areas, is still not participated in the comprehensive economic growth, the notion of financial inclusion (FI) becomes a big problem for the policy makers of the country. FI supports in formation of improved and better sustainable economy in the country. It supports in the empowerment of women, weaker and underprivileged sections of society with the task of building self-sustainable and well informed society. The study has used three different research phases: identification of factors from the literature, interviews with experts of industry and designing a DMTOP framework. The identification phase led to the selection of twenty five factors from past literatures and by suggestion from industrial experts. Further the selected factors are divided into seven different dimensions. The framework was used to understand impact of identified factors on urban and rural facilities separately. This study seeks to identify the impact contribution of factor towards FI; the results are very helpful for policy makers to achieve objectives of FI. The framework has seven dimensions with different impact value on the urban and rural facilities. The factors are showing an overall impact percentage of 51.62 and -6.45 as on existing urban and rural facilities respectively.
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Name : Online Tax System (OTS) in Pakistan: The role of Tax Service Quality (TSQ) and Information Communication Technology (ICT)
Author : Dr. Rana Tahir Naveed ,WaseemUlHameed , Ahmad Mohmad Albassami ,Dr. Mahsa Moshfegyan
Abstract :
Online Tax System (OTS) has received a great attention worldwide, particularly in developed countries. However, developing countries are still lacking behind such as Pakistan. Success of OTS yet not achieved in Pakistan. Low performance of OTS is based on various issue, especially due to low Tax Service Quality (TSQ). To address this problem, the prime objective of this study is to inspect the impact of TSQ on OTS and to examine the mediating role of information communication technology (ICT). Cross-sectional research design and quantitative research approach was selected. Data were collected through 5-point Likert scale and questionnaires were distributed among those taxpayers who use OTS by using convenience sampling. SmartPLS 3 was utilized to analyze the data. Results of the study revealed that informativeness, reliability and responsiveness have relationship with ICT. Moreover, it is found that ICT has significant positive relationship with OTS. This study contributed to the literature
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Name : Awareness of GST: Unorganized Jwellery Sector of Vapi & Valsad City
Author : Dr. Yagna Vyas
Abstract :
Gold sector and GST both plays a vital role in Indian Economy. Employment generated from the development of gold sector and GST. The primary objective of the study is to check the jeweler’s awareness of GST and the effects of GST on gold jewellery price. The data has been collected from the registered jeweler of Vapi & Valsad city and total 100 questionnaires have been filled in person. The majority of the jeweler comprises of manufacturer as compared to trader. It has been found that they are aware about the registration process, late fees and its interest. Even they are not taking all the deadlines as burdensome. Supply chain is the major factor for affecting gold and jewellery prices and the other reason is implementation of GST. In old tax system (VAT) the rates applicable was less as compared to GST. The limitation and further scope of the study that limited number of jewelers cannot generalize the whole population. The expansion of geographic location gives more strength for research results and this study only includes unorganized sector, for further research organized sector study can be done.
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Name : Do Dividends and Earnings Ratios Explain the Excess Equity Premium? A Study of the Indian Stock Market
Author : V. Harshitha Moulya, Dr T. Mallikarjunappa
Abstract :
The excess market return earned by investors over the risk-free rate is termed as equity premium. Mehra and Prescott (1985) found a very high equity premium of 6% for the US market, which was very puzzling for various reasons. Several theories have guided the curiosity of this puzzle attributable to the consumption behaviour pattern and habits formation of individual investors. We used aggregate ratios of firms’ dividends and earnings as a proxy for investors’ consumption behaviour to estimate the equity premium for a cross-sectional portfolio of firms using in-sample and out-sample data. We found that, though, the dividend-price and earnings-price ratios acted as best in-sample predictors of excess equity returns. The estimated risk-premium varied across the cross-section of firms.
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Name : Education as Moderator: Integrative Effect towards Succession Planning Process of Small Family Businesses
Author : Sheikh Farhan Ashraf, Dr. Cai Li, Rehan Sohail Butt, Shumaila Naz, Zuhaib Zafar
Abstract :
This research paper is to explore the small family business longevity with regards to education and its effects on succession planning in Pakistan. The small family businesses play a vital role in strengthening, growth, and development to the economy of Pakistan. Data were collected from small family business by using systematic sampling method and the sample size was 486as respondents. The technical software Smart PLS used to test the hypothesis using technique PLS-SEM Partial least square (Structural equation modeling). Results revealed that customer focus management (CFM), business strategies (BS), and education (EDU) has a positive and significant result in direct relation but education as moderator has insignificant and negative relation between customer focus management and succession planning (SP). Thus, education is not moderating between CFM and BS on succession planning. This result will help small family business in succession planning and leads toward Small medium enterprises. Moreover, Implications and limitations of the research work are expounded.
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Name : The Volatility of Exchange Rate Using GARCH Type Models with Normal Distribution: Evidence from Pakistan
Author : Muhammad Mohsin, Sobia Naseem, Dr. Saqib Muneer,Shazia Salamat
Abstract :
This paper approaches GARCH type models for exchange rate volatility modeling over the period of 1st January 2005 to 31st December 2018 with daily data of exchange rate from Pakistan against US dollar. Volatility clustering and leverage effect are more stylized facts of exchange rate which captures by applying the symmetric and asymmetric models. Based on the GARCH family model, the results are shown the significance of exchange rate under GARCH model and extensions of GARCH family such as PGARCH, TGARCH, CGARCH and ACGARCH. Except of PGARCH and TGARCH, the summation of ARCH and GARCH value is more than one. Exceeding value of estimated persistent coefficient from one is indicating an explosive mean reverting process. Negative significance of EGARCH’s leverage value is guaranteed the existence of negative shocks effect on exchange rate volatility.
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Name : Determinants of Profitable Niche of Affiliate Marketing in Amazon.Com
Author : Dr Monika Bangari, Dr Diksha Panwar, Dr. Sandeep Kumar Thakur
Abstract :
Amazon.com is biggest online shopping site around the world. Now a days e-business brought new promoting strategies required in the present competitive market. In 1996 amazon launched an affiliate program named “AMAZON ASSOCIATES’’ and the concept of the program was website owners and bloggers create a link and if customers click or visit that link and buy products from amazon the affiliates earn referral money. This technique has made easy for the marketer’s brand and services to gain popularity on the internet as affiliates are using creative product description in order to introduce it in the market. This approach helps to reach or draw attention of the customers to buy online. This study basically helps to find out the profitable niche in affiliate marketing or to advertise online. While selecting the product it should be clear that the product satisfies the need or passion of target audience, narrower niche leads to less competition, but the most important thing is to find the profitable. This exploratory study analyses the secondary data and various literatures available in academia and focuses on various aspects of affiliate marketing and most profitable niche in online shopping site amazon.com. Amazon sellers use keywords and phrases to measure the search volume and market capacity of a product. The factors that get identified after discussion with the affiliates of amazon are profitable niche
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Name : Editorial
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